Gender Ayuga, or (Ajuga), has about 40 species-herbaceous perennial and annual plants. Ajuga is characterized by tubular flowers with a protruding lip, collected in erect complex spike-shaped inflorescences with a sequential alternation of flowers and leaves. Dark green leaves are ovate-oblong in shape. In culture, as a rule, only perennial species are distributed.
The height of the hardy Geneva (Ajuga genevensis) does not exceed 20-30 cm; leaves - with a jagged edge; the color of flowers blooming in late spring is different: blue, pink, white. Flowers of one of the dwarf varieties 'Brock-bankii' is blue in color. Dark oval leaves with a serrated edge of A. pyramidalisare collected in rosettes. In May, blue or purple flowers bloom in dense complex pyramid-shaped spikes.
The most widespread in floriculture is the creeper (A. reptans), which grows on moist soils. This is a rhizomatous perennial with creeping and rooting shoots, erect peduncles up to 25 cm long. Leaves are whole oval at the edges, large-toothed, rosette - on long petioles, stem-sessile. Blue or white flowers-numerous, collected in a false whorl or false spike.
Location: in the open sun or partial shade
Temperature: resistant to both low and high temperatures
Watering: depending on the type
Flowering time: spring-summer
Height: 20-40 cm depending on the type and cultivar
Transplanting: do not transplant
Appearance maintenance: remove faded inflorescences
Ajuga is grown with great success in group flower plantings, in borders, as a ground cover - in wet places, ajuga creeping and ajuga pyramidal, and on fertile and well - drained soil in Sunny places-ajuga Geneva. These plants can be planted at any time of the year. However, you should first prepare the soil well and apply organic fertilizers.
At an early stage of development, in the spring, 2-3 times with an interval of 20-30 days, the plant is fed with mineral fertilizers, introducing them with irrigation water.
Diseases and pests
The fungus Sclerotium delphinii causes rotting of the root neck, in particular, the risk of this disease is especially great in poorly drained soil.
In this case, treatment with fungicides is carried out; infection can be prevented by previously disinfecting the soil.