Calluna


Large bright beams

Description

<p>The genus Heather (Calluna) consists of a single species - the common heather (Calluna vulgaris), a perennial resistant plant that is often mistakenly attributed to the genus Erica (Erica).  He loves sandy soils in nature, grows strongly in clearings and forms continuous thickets, is found in peat bogs.  It is a low (30-70 cm high) evergreen shrub with small sessile, closely spaced sharp-scaly leaves.  In late summer - autumn, numerous straight brushes of small purple, on short pedicels, simple or double flowers appear.</p> <p>Among the numerous forms and varieties there is heather with white flowers ('White'), pink ('Alexandra' and 'Dark Star'), crimson-pink ('Anne Marie' and 'Beta Elizabeth').  Decorativeness is given to the plant by the color of its leaves, the general shape and appearance.  In erect and creeping cultivars, in the warm season, the leaves are silvery-gray, bright orange, red, yellow or with color transitions from light green to dark green, and in winter the leaves turn red.</p>

Cultivation: not very easy

Location: in the open sun

Temperature: resistant to both low and high temperature

Watering: regular spring-summer

Flowering time: late summer - autumn

Height: 30-70 cm, rarely up to 1 m, depending on the species

Transplanting: at the end of winter

Appearance maintenance: remove faded shoots

Cultivation

Heather is used for landscaping, grown in open ground for the arrangement of borders and flower beds, as well as cut flowers (the highest forms), in addition, in pots on balconies and terraces. This plant requires an acidic, preferably peaty soil, it does not tolerate liming. If the pH value - the acidity of the soil - is above 5.0, then add acidic white peat. When grown outdoors, plants are planted permanently in fall or spring. When planting plants in borders, a distance of 30-40 cm or more is left between them, depending on their intended size. To fill the pots, a mixture of peat and sand or agroperlite is used, filled with complex fertilizer at the rate of 20 g per bucket of soil.

During the spring-summer period, once every 15-20 days, fertilizers for acidophilic plants acidifying the soil are diluted in water for irrigation at the rate of 15 g per bucket.

Location

Heather prefers a place in the open sun.

Temperature

Heather is a plant that is resistant to fluctuations in air temperature.

Watering

Water regularly, especially during the spring and summer period, so that the ground is moist all the time.

Transplanting

They are transplanted annually at the end of winter into a new pot slightly larger than the previous one.

Appearance maintenance

Remove faded and damaged parts.

Reproduction

Propagated by seeds and cuttings. In the summer, cuttings 3-4 cm long are taken from the branches on which there were no flowers, they are treated with growth stimulants and planted in a mixture of sand and peat (or peat and agroperlite), kept in a heated room at a temperature of 20 ° C. Rooting occurs fairly quickly (after 25-40 days).

Diseases and pests

Propagated by seeds and cuttings. In the summer, cuttings 3-4 cm long are taken from the branches on which there were no flowers, they are treated with growth stimulants and planted in a mixture of sand and peat (or peat and agroperlite), kept in a heated room at a temperature of 20 ° C. Rooting occurs fairly quickly (after 25-40 days).

Acquisition

Heather is easy to find in nurseries. Select compact, lush bushes in the budding phase, checking their condition.

Flowers and plants of the same family