- Latin name:
- Africa and Asia.
The genus Dracaena (Dracaena) of the Agave family (Agavaceae) unites about 150 species originating from the tropics of Asia and Africa. Common houseplants include species with lignified stems topped with tufts of leaves; other species have leaves growing all over the stem. Rhizomes and roots on the break are orange. In places of natural growth, they reach 6 m in height.
Dracaena deremensis is an ornamental species with short dense dark green leaves. Some of the most common varieties are: 'Compact' (very often used in compositions), 'Varneka', 'Green-rimmed', 'White-rimmed' and 'Yellow-rimmed'.
Dracaena scented (D. fragrans) got its name due to its fragrant flowers, it is also called the "plant of happiness". A large ornamental tree with linear green or variously colored leaves, for example, in 'Massangian' and 'Linden' they are variegated.
The fringed dracaena (D. marginata) has straight and thin variegated leaves; this species includes the varieties 'Two-color', 'Three-color' and 'Colorama'.
Dracaena Sander (D. sanderiana) is a compact species widely used in compositions; numerous green leaves are covered with ornaments of white and ivory color.
Oval leaves of D. godseffiana dracaena are collected whorl-like, in groups of 2-3, colored dark green and covered with numerous cream spots.
Some species belong to the genus Dracaena, then to the genus Cordyline, for example, cordyline undivided (D. indivisa) and cordyline apical (D. terminalis) - in fact dracaena.
Dracaena species are easy to grow at home, the only thing is that they should be kept in a very well-lit room. In mild climates, they grow successfully even outdoors, both in a pot and in the open ground. In summer, it is recommended to add liquid fertilizer to the irrigation water from time to time. For potting, you can use any well-drained soil. When the plant is exposed at the bottom, the crown and trunk can be used for propagation by cuttings or a smaller plant can be planted in the same pot.
The leaves can be wiped with a damp cloth. Sometimes a lustrating solution is used, but infrequently.
In summer, they are watered abundantly, 1-2 times a week, making sure that the water does not stagnate in the pan. In winter, if the temperature in the apartment is not too high, only one watering per week is enough to keep the soil only slightly moist. Dracaenas like high humidity, so it is recommended to spray water on the leaves 2 times a week.
The plant should be transplanted into a new pot when the roots completely fill the old one (this is usually done every 2-3 years). The operation is performed in March, using a container that is slightly larger than the previous one. The soil can be used both earthen and peat, but it is important to ensure good drainage.
Depending on the species, stem shoots or apical cuttings can be used for reproduction. They are rooted in early spring. The apical stalk in this case is a cut bundle of leaves, from which the lowest ones are removed. When rooting, phytohormones are used-growth stimulants. Soil - a mixture of sand and peat, taken in equal parts. In varieties "with a stem" with a sharpened knife, the stems are cut into parts, each of which must have at least one shoot. In this case, you can even use the tops. Cuttings of both types are kept at a temperature of about 24 °C and high humidity.
A very well-lit place is ideal - this increases the gloss of the leaves, but direct sunlight, on the contrary, damages them.
Plants prefer a fairly warm environment (18-22 °C), but if the humidity is not very high, they also tolerate a lower (up to 5 °C) temperature. In summer, do not allow the temperature to rise above 27 °C.
Diseases and pests
These plants do not cause much concern if there is no lack or excess of light and heat. Unpleasant symptoms are quite small, such as drying (although partial) and falling leaves, spots on leaves and rot. Sometimes these signs indicate fungal diseases.
Brown worms form rounded scales on the leaves and stems; these pests are eliminated with a cotton swab soaked in alcohol, as well as treatment with appropriate insecticides.
It is recommended to choose plants with healthy glossy foliage and no spots. You should also check the trunk (stem).
Trade offers and prices
1,333 ₽Драцена маргината 2 ст. d17 h80В наличии, available in 2 citiesLeroy Merlin, Indoor plants
377 ₽Драцена маргината биколор 1 ст. d11 h40В наличии, available in 4 citiesLeroy Merlin, Indoor plants
from 1,755 ₽ to 1,842 ₽Драцена микс d17 h70В наличии, available in 2 citiesLeroy Merlin, Indoor plants
from 322 ₽ to 522 ₽Драцена маргината 11х50 смВ наличии, available in 40 citiesLeroy Merlin, Indoor plants
You can view all 14 trade offers in the Dracaena product catalog section.
Requirements and characteristics of the Dracaena plant that you need to remember.
|Watering||frequent in summer|
|Appearance maintenance||clean the leaves with a damp cloth|
|Location||very well lit, diffused light|
|Temperature||optimal 18-22 °C|
|Flowering time||never happens|
|Height||45 cm-1.2 m|
Photos of varieties and species
- Dracaena fragrans Charley
- Dracaena fragrans (Deremensis Grp) Deremensis gemengd
- Dracaena fragrans (Compacta Grp) Jewel gemengd
- Dracaena fragrans (Compacta Grp) Compacta gemengd
- Dracaena fragrans (Deremensis Grp) Lemon Lime
- Dracaena fragrans (Compacta Grp) 'Dorado'
- Dracaena fragrans (Compacta Grp) White Jewel
- Dracaena fragrans (Compacta Grp) Surprise
- Dracaena fragrans (Compacta Grp) 'Green Jewel'
- Dracaena fragrans (Compacta Grp) 'Malaika'
- Dracaena fragrans (Compacta Grp) 'Kanzi'
- Dracaena fragrans (Compacta Grp) Lemon Surprise
- Dracaena fragrans (Deremensis Grp) White Stripe
- Dracaena fragrans (Compacta Grp) 'Jade Jewel'
- Dracaena fragrans Burley
- Dracaena fragrans 'Goldream'
- Dracaena fragrans (Compacta Grp) Tigers Bamboo
- Dracaena sanderiana Lucky Bamboo
- Dracaena fragrans (Compacta Grp) Tigers Bamboo
- Dracaena reflexa 'Anita'
- Dracaena marginata Magenta
- Dracaena marginata Bicolor
- Dracaena marginata
- Dracaena fragrans Riki
- Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana'
- Dracaena fragrans 'Mass Coast'
- Dracaena fragrans Lindenii
- Dracaena fragrans Janet Craig
List of sources, entry in the process of writing this article.
- Dracaena // Great Soviet Encyclopedia. — M.: Soviet Encyclopedia, 1969-1978. — 630000 copies.
- Ilyina E. Ya., Sterligova E. I. Indoor plants and their use in the interior. — Sverdlovsk: Ural University, 1991 — 208 s — 130000 copies. — ISBN 9785752502118
- Turdiev S. Yu., Vecherko L. I. Flowers in our life. — Alma-Ata: Kainar, 1986. — 217 s — 50000 copies.
- Chub V. V., Lezina K. D. Complete encyclopedia of indoor plants. — M.: Eksmo, 2003. — 416 s — 7000 copies. — ISBN 9785040060771.
- Dracaena // Indoor and garden plants. — M.: Premiere, 2005. — 1274 s — 300,000 copies. — ISSN 1729-1828.
- Golovkin B. N. What do plant names say. — M.: Kolos, 1992. — 192 s — 70000 copies. — ISBN 9785100025054.
- Golovkin B. N. 1000 amazing facts from the life of plants. — M.: AST; Astrel, 2001. — 224 s — 10000 copies. — ISBN 9785170105342, ISBN 9785271030529.