- Latin name:
- Southeast Asia, America, Malay Archipelago.
The genus combines 2 species of perennial herbaceous rhizomatous plants with creeping shoots. The leaves and fruits of duchenne are similar to the leaves and fruits of strawberries, which is why these plants are sometimes called "Indian strawberries".
The most popular is the Indian duchesnea (Duchesnea indica) - a low-growing (5-15 cm) plant with long pubescent thin leafy shoots-whiskers, up to 1 m long, rooted in nodes. The leaves are trifoliate pubescent dark green. The leaves are obovate, large-toothed along the edge, and sit on long petioles. Flowers 1-1. 5 cm in diameter, single, axillary, on long pedicels, bisexual, similar to the flowers of ordinary wild strawberries, but yellow or cream. Calyx and corolla are five-membered.
Flowering of duchenne is long - from spring to late autumn. Small shiny fruits of it, the so-called multi-roots, sit on an overgrown fleshy flower. This aggregate is mistakenly called a "berry" in everyday life. Such a round red "berry", up to 1.5 cm in diameter, is edible, but unlike strawberries, it is tasteless. Fruits adorn the plant from mid-summer to late autumn.
At home, in East Asia, China, Japan, and the Himalayas, the duchenne is found in shady forests, along riverbanks, and grassy slopes on plains and in low mountains.
In folk medicine, duchenne leaves are used as an anti-inflammatory and antipyretic agent, fruits - for skin diseases.
Due to the numerous creeping shoots-whiskers, duchenne is able to grow relatively quickly and occupy a large area. Both indoors and outdoors, it is used as a beautiful groundcover plant, as well as for vertical gardening and rocky gardens. In the rooms, duchenne can be grown in hanging pots or baskets as an ampel culture. It also looks good as a balcony plant.
To maintain the appearance, wilted leaves are regularly removed. If the duchenne is not grown as an ampel type and excessive growth is undesirable, remove long shoots-whiskers.
Watering is required regularly: plentiful in summer, moderate in winter. In the rooms, it is advisable to spray the leaves. You can place the pot on a tray of pebbles or cover the surface of the soil with fine expanded clay, moss or sawdust.
Duchenne is propagated by daughter rosettes separated from the mother plant, rooted whiskers with a rosette and seeds. The first two methods are preferable, since they are easier to propagate by seed, and you can get an adult plant in a shorter time.
The plant is unpretentious in care, prefers sunny places. When there is a lack of light, flowering suffers, it happens that the plant does not bloom at all. If good drainage is observed, any soil with a mechanical composition and acidity is suitable for Duchenne.
In winter and summer, the temperature should be moderate. But if you expect abundant flowering and fruiting, it is desirable that in winter the air temperature is lower than during the period of active growth, but not less than zero.
In the open ground without shelter in winter, especially in wet winter, the duckweed can fall out (die).
Diseases and pests
The plant is quite resistant to diseases and pests. Aphids or thrips can choose Duchenne. In this case, the plant must be treated with an appropriate insecticide.
In the ground, duchenne is planted in the spring after the soil warms up, when the threat of frost passes. Since this is a light-loving plant, select a well-lit area. Make sure that when planting, the growth point is not covered with earth. In the closed ground, transplanting is carried out annually in the spring. At the same time, daughter rosettes are separated from the plant. In the open ground, transplanting is usually not required.
|Watering||plentiful in summer, moderate in winter in the rooms|
|Transplanting||annually in spring|
|Appearance maintenance||remove dying leaves|
|Flowering time||from spring to late autumn|
- Duchesnea // Great Soviet Encyclopedia. — M.: Soviet Encyclopedia, 1969-1978. — 630000 copies.
- Ilyina E. Ya., Sterligova E. I. Indoor plants and their use in the interior. — Sverdlovsk: Ural University, 1991 — 208 s — 130000 copies. — ISBN 9785752502118
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- Golovkin B. N. 1000 amazing facts from the life of plants. — M.: AST; Astrel, 2001. — 224 s — 10000 copies. — ISBN 9785170105342, ISBN 9785271030529.