- Latin name:
- Europe, Asia, North America.
The genus Scilla, contains about 80 species of bulbous perennial plants with characteristic linear or lanceolate leaves and stellate flowers collected in a brush or scutellum on a leafless short stem, blooming in early spring. Flowering often begins before the leaves appear. The range of colors - from blue and purple to blue, pink, almost white, but still a rich blue color prevails.
Siberian woodland (Scilla sibirica), 15 cm high, is the most interesting species. Ovate bulbs produce several flower-bearing shoots with 1-5 bell-shaped drooping flowers up to 2 cm in diameter with dark stripes or pure white. Varieties with dark blue flowers are bred.
The autumn Scilla (S. autumnalis) with a height of 10-20 cm blooms pink flowers in autumn.
Two-leaved Scilla (S. bifolia, or S. nivalis) - a species 10-20 cm high with two linear leaves. The peduncle is 12 cm high and bears up to 8 flowers, wide-open blue, rarely purplish-blue or whitish.
Spanish Scilla (S. hispanica) - a species with a height of 30 cm. Leaves 5-6, peduncle bears up to 10 flowers. The flowers are bell-shaped blue, pink-purple.
Scilla peruviana (S. peruviana) is a species 20-25 cm high with lilac flowers blooming in April-May, collected in brushes.
Scilla tubergeniana is a species with a height of 8-15 cm. It has light blue flowers with central greenish-blue stripes on the perianth lobes. It begins to bloom very early in spring, with several flowering stems growing from each bulb.
Scilla is grown in the open ground, burying several bulbs to a depth of 4-8 cm next to deciduous trees and shrubs, which create an ideal microclimate for growth and subsequent flowering.
Less commonly grown in pots at home. In this case, the bulbs are planted in September-October in the ground, consisting of peat, earth and sand, taken in equal parts, with the addition of fertilizer. After flowering, the bulbs are planted in the ground in the open air. Scilla grows well in loose soil with leafy humus. Use it for planting on lawns, for curbs, as well as for forcing.
When grown outdoors, watering them is almost never necessary; when grown in a pot, it should not be superfluous.
During the dormant period of the plant (summer-autumn), the bulbs are removed from the ground, the children are separated and immediately planted again. Flowering occurs in 1-2 years.
Although partial shade is also suitable for these plants, they prefer very well-lit places.
Scilla are resistant to both high and low air temperatures, but are afraid of winter frosts.
Diseases and pests
Nematodes can infect bulbs in excessively moist soil, causing rotting. Rust causes pustules to form on the leaves, and then the plant slowly wilts. Treat with dithiocarbamates.
Bulbs are easy to find even in supermarkets. Already blooming potted plants are sold in flower shops and gardening centers.
Requirements and characteristics of the Scilla plant that you need to remember.
|Watering||moderate, only necessary for potted plants|
|Appearance maintenance||remove damaged parts|
|Location||in the sun, in partial shade|
|Temperature||resistant to both low and high temperatures|
|Flowering time||late winter, early spring, sometimes autumn|
Photos of varieties and species
List of sources, entry in the process of writing this article.
- Scilla // Great Soviet Encyclopedia. — M.: Soviet Encyclopedia, 1969-1978. — 630000 copies.
- Ilyina E. Ya., Sterligova E. I. Indoor plants and their use in the interior. — Sverdlovsk: Ural University, 1991 — 208 s — 130000 copies. — ISBN 9785752502118
- Turdiev S. Yu., Vecherko L. I. Flowers in our life. — Alma-Ata: Kainar, 1986. — 217 s — 50000 copies.
- Chub V. V., Lezina K. D. Complete encyclopedia of indoor plants. — M.: Eksmo, 2003. — 416 s — 7000 copies. — ISBN 9785040060771.
- Scilla // Indoor and garden plants. — M.: Premiere, 2005. — 1274 s — 300,000 copies. — ISSN 1729-1828.
- Golovkin B. N. What do plant names say. — M.: Kolos, 1992. — 192 s — 70000 copies. — ISBN 9785100025054.
- Golovkin B. N. 1000 amazing facts from the life of plants. — M.: AST; Astrel, 2001. — 224 s — 10000 copies. — ISBN 9785170105342, ISBN 9785271030529.