Aeonium

Almost like a sculpture

Latin name: Aeonium. Family: Crassulaceae. Homeland: North Africa.

Description

Aeonium

The genus Aeonium (Aeonium) includes about 40 perennial very ornamental houseplants from the family Crassulaceae. The most common tree-like aeonium (Aeonium arboreum) forms a thick branched trunk with a height of 70 to 110 cm, on which there is a wide rosette consisting of green fleshy leaves with a white-furred edge. In spring, golden-yellow flowers bloom, in large numbers collected in long, up to 30 cm, panicles. Especially popular is the 'Dark Purple' variety, which is distinguished by bronze and dark red leaves.

Haworth's aeonium (A. haworthii) is a plant 60 cm high, with a branched stem and a rosette of fleshy pointed glaucous, red-edged leaves, 10 cm wide, with a serrated edge. In spring, white or creamy-white flowers collected in panicles bloom.

Canary Aeonium (A. canariense), as a rule, grows no higher than 30 cm. Spatulate light green leaves with a pubescent edge form a concave rosette; flowers are light yellow.

Aeonium Lindley (A. lindley) is a shrub up to 2 m tall, with a rosette of small olive-green leaves, sometimes with red spots. Yellow flowers in panicles, appear in late winter.

Plate-shaped aeonium (A. tabuliforme) is an interesting plant with a height of no more than 50 cm. Leaves in stemless rosettes are located quite flat, closely adjacent to each other.

They are not very suitable for a pot - it is better to plant them in the ground or on a rack.

Cultivation

Aeoniums are grown in pots as indoor plants or, if the climate is mild, outdoors. In cold climates, in the spring and summer period, they can be put out on the street, bringing them into the house when the cold weather comes. Use soil consisting of 1/3 of peat, 1/3-of fertile land and 1/3-of sand; pH about 6.5. It should be borne in mind that the plate-shaped Aeonium dies off after flowering. In spring and autumn, once every 2 weeks, they are fed with fertilizer for cacti.

Location

Plants need a sunny place all year round, only from the brightest sun rays it is necessary to shade. In winter, they should be kept in a very well-lit place, which helps maintain the color of the leaves.

Temperature

The minimum temperature in winter is 5 °C, and the optimal temperature is about 10 °C. However, at low humidity, the plant can withstand a certain decrease in temperature relative to the specified value. The rest of the time, the usual room temperature or slightly higher air temperature is required.

Watering

In summer and at other times of growth, they are watered as the land dries up. During the winter dormancy, the intensity of irrigation is reduced. Stagnation of water, which should also be avoided in summer, is even more dangerous in the cold season: it can cause rotting and lead to the death of the plant.

Transplanting

The operation is performed in spring or autumn once every 2 years.

Care

It is necessary to remove damaged parts and wilted inflorescences.

Reproduction

Reproduction is carried out in the spring and summer period by seeds, apical or leaf cuttings. Seeds are scattered on the surface of the ground and not buried. The soil should be fairly loose and drained in any case well. When planting, you can add rotted manure at the rate of 50-100 g per bucket of land.

Acquisition

Aeoniums can be found in horticultural centers and flower nurseries that offer the widest range. Make sure that there is no rot. Plants should not be excessively elongated, and the green color of the leaves is too light.

Other Crassulaceae